A look back at the historical events that took place that day

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Representative image. PA

Several events marked this day, that of October 27 being historic. The Interborough Rapid Transit (IRT), the first rapid transit subway, made its debut in New York City on the same day in 1904. The trip from City Hall to Grand Central Station to the north was approximately nine miles long. From there it continued west to Times Square, then down the West Side to 145th Street. The mayor was in charge of the first subway train as it left City Hall station and arrived at 145th Street 26 minutes later. More than 110,000 people rode the trains through the underground tunnels by the time the metro system opened to the general public that evening at 7 p.m. There were stations spread across Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens and the Bronx. The Independent Subway System (IND) was established in New York City in 1932. It merged the IRT and its only private competitor, Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit, in 1940.

Launch of the first Saturn rocket (1961):

In the early 1960s, unmanned test models of the Apollo spacecraft along with other satellites were launched into Earth orbit by Saturn I, America’s first rocket designed specifically for spaceflight. On October 27, 1961, the first firing took place. Nine additional launches were successfully completed. A group of massive two- and three-stage launch vehicles for spacecraft called Saturn was created by the United States from 1958 as part of the crewed Apollo moon landing mission.

Controlled Substances Act 1970:

President Richard Nixon signed into law the Controlled Substances Act on October 27, 1970. The 91st United States Congress approved the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 as Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. It is a federal drug policy in the United States that governs the production, importation, possession, consumption, and distribution of certain substances such as cannabis, marijuana, heroin, and LSD.

Here are some other historic events that happened on October 27:

In 1978, Menachem Begin of Israel and Anwar Sadat of Egypt shared the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize for their discussions, which led to the Camp David Accords and a peace treaty between their nations.

In 2014, Taylor Swift, a renowned singer from the United States, released “1989”, which she called her first official pop album. It was a huge hit and won the Grammy for Album of the Year.

In 2017, after Catalonia’s parliament voted to proclaim the province independent of Spain, the central government rejected that legislature and called new elections, in which the independence movement won the majority of seats.

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